Hyaline membrane disease (HMD) is defined as respiratory distress in a newborn whose lungs are not fully developed. It is a very common problem seen in premature babies.
It is named as hyaline membranes disease because when the alveoli collapse, the damaged cells that collect in the airway tract are called hyaline membranes. They obstruct the airway, making it more difficult for the baby to breathe.
Newborn may require extra oxygen and help with breathing.